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Detecting thermal pollution of near shore environment resulted from human activities using remotely sensed data, case study: Abu Qir Bay, Egypt

December 19, 2013

Generally, electrical power stations consume massive volume of water for cooling purposes. The cooling water is discharged to the water body carrying the waste heat with it; such thermal pollution has significant adverse physical as well as biological impacts. Abu Qir Bay is a semicircular inlet of the Mediterranean Sea, lying between Abu Qir Point (southwest) and the Rosetta Nile Branch promontory (northeast). The bay covers a total area of about 360 km2, the average depth of the bay is about 10 m with a maximum depth of about 16 m. Abu Qir power station that is located in the south eastern side of the bay (30° 8′ 29″ E 31° 16′ 8″ N) discharges large amount of high temperature cooling water leading to thermal pollution. Also, the load of pollution from the various inland human activities results in deterioration of the marine environment in Abu Qir Bay. The main objective of this paper is to detect thermal pollution in Abu Qir bay resulted from human activities through remotely sensed data. Such detection entails retrieving sea surface temperature in two subsequent points of time; before and after operation of large industrial firms such as Abu Qir Electrical power station and WEPCO Company.

Hassab M A, Sholla M A, 2013, Detecting thermal pollution of near shore environment resulted from human activities using remotely sensed data, case study: Abu Qir Bay, Egypt, Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, 2013.Article. (Subscription required).

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