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Pilot study on levels of chemical contaminants and porphyrins in Caretta caretta from the Mediterranean Sea

February 15, 2014

Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), synthetic musks compounds (SMCs), bisphenol A (BPA), para-nonylphenol (p-NP) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are known for their toxicity and ability to interfere with the endocrine system. The aim of this study was to determine levels and distribution of the above mentioned compounds in liver samples of Caretta caretta and levels of porphyrins that have been proposed as sensitive biomarkers of exposure to contaminants. This paper reports the results for 9 specimens yet analyzed. Musk ketone was never detected, PFOA was found in one sample, while PFOS was the prevalent contaminant. For PFCs the levels are lower than the results of studies of comparison. The porphyrins profile showed a predominance of protoporphyrins on coproporphyrins and uroporphyrins, with a positive statistical correlation between levels of PFOS and uroporphyrins. These data represent, for several parameters, the first evidence of contaminant levels and biomarker responses in loggerhead turtles.

Guerrantia C, Bainia M, Casinia S, Giannettia M, Mancusid C, Marsilia L, Perraa G, Fossia MC, in press:  Pilot study on levels of chemical contaminants and porphyrins in Caretta caretta from the Mediterranean Sea, Marine Environmental Research, doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.01.004. Article.

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