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Genetics of a Lessepsian sprinter: the bluespotted cornetfish, Fistularia commersonii

April 10, 2014

Our current understanding of the mechanisms that lead to successful biological invasions is limited. Although local adaptation plays a central role in biological invasions, genetic studies have failed to produce a unified theory so far. The bluespotted cornetfish, a recent invader of the Mediterranean Sea from the Red Sea via the Suez Canal, provides an ideal case study to research the mechanisms of invasive genetics.

Previous genetic work based on mitochondrial markers has shown the genetic diversity of the Mediterranean population was greatly reduced in comparison to the natural population in the Red Sea. In the current study, we expand upon these studies by adding mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Mitochondrial results confirm previous findings. The nuclear marker, however, does not show evidence of reduction in diversity. We interpret these results as either a differential dispersal capability in males and females, or the presence of selection on the invading Mediterranean population.

Tenggardjaja KJackson ALeon FAzzurro EGolani D, Bernardi G, in press: Genetics of a Lessepsian sprinter: the bluespotted cornetfish, Fistularia commersonii, Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution, doi:10.1080/15659801.2013.898402. Article (subscription required).

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